Redefining What It Means to be a Gay Black Man

Coming Out as a Black Transgender Woman

Lena Waithe: Gay Black Girls Rock

HRC: Being African American and LGBTQ

MAP: Talking About LGBTQ Equality With African Americans

Black Gay Christians Speak Out

Janelle Monae: CBS Sunday Morning Interview

Growing Up Black and Gay in the South

Black Gay Comedian: Sampson McCormick

Essence: Liberated and Loved

Holler If You Hear Me: Black and Gay in the Church
Gay Pride: Are Black Gay Men Proud?


Coming Out as LGBTQ and Black

For many black individuals, coming out involves additional cultural factors that make the process more challenging but no less rewarding. It includes having to deal with homophobic churches, strong family foundations that emphasize heterosexuality, homophobia in the black community, and racism in the broader LGBTQ community. Thanks to brave LGBTQ black activists and their allies there is more support and acceptance than ever before, but there still exist many prejudices and roadblocks for LGBTQ blacks.

Religion - The church has traditionally played a central role in guiding the day-to-day lives and beliefs of many black Americans. Some churches and individual parishioners have been unwelcoming to people with a different sexual orientation or gender identity. The stance of the many in the black community on homosexuality, either you don’t talk about it or you condemn it, has been historically dictated by the church. Over the past few decades, new churches have been established specifically to welcome and affirm LGBTQ people of color. Some long-established black churches also have made progress toward being more welcoming.

Family - The black family unit often functions as a haven and stronghold of support in a society where racism is still prevalent. Often, there is no place in this fortress of strength for a “weakness,” as homosexuality is often viewed. LGBTQ children are sometimes viewed as being detrimental and damaging to the black family and give a negative impression for the whole black community.


Society and Media - Within the LGBTQ community, many of the same prejudices that we see in the rest of society based on race, class, and ethnicity still exist, which create unique challenges black LGBTQ American trying to fit into the LGBTQ community. Many LGBTQ communities and organizations have been viewed as historically white and can be uncomfortable or unwelcoming for some black Americans. Black LGBTQ Americans have been virtually invisible in history and when they are depicted their sexual orientation is rarely mentioned. The media and entertainment world rarely show LGBTQ people as anything but white.

[Source: Coming Out for African Americans, Human Rights Campaign]

The Truth About Homophobia in the Black Community

LGBTQ African American Stories

Stunning Photos: Queer Africans

Info: Black Gay Drag Slang

How Many African Americans are LGBTQ?

LGBTQ People of Color

HRC: Being African American and LGBTQ

Where Would MLK Have Stood on Marriage Equality?

Info: Down Low Culture

People of Color: Pioneers in Marriage Equality


LGBTQ People of Color

Thirty-nine percent of LGBTQ adults identify as people of color, including 15 percent who identify as Latinx, 11 percent as Black, two percent as Asian Pacific Islander, and one percent as Native American. This is more diverse than the overall US adult population, which is 65 percent white. The higher representation of people of color in LGBTQ communities is in part related to age. With increasing acceptance of LGBTQ people, younger generations are more likely to be out as LGBTQ. Younger people are also more likely to be of color, which is the main reason that a large proportion of people of color identify as LGBTQ. From service provision to movement building, there is a need to respond and adapt to a new generation in the US that is more diverse than any previous generation in terms of race, sexual orientation, and gender identity.


At the intersection of two marginalized identities, LGBTQ people of color often face stark disparities:

--One in five youth in the juvenile justice system identify as LGBTQ, 85 percent of whom are people of color.
--LGBTQ people of color face high rates of unemployment: 15 percent of African American LGBTQ adults are unemployed, as are 14 percent of Latinx LGBTQ adults and 11 percent of API LGBTQ adults—compared to 8 percent unemployment for the general population.
--Gay and bisexual men of color continue to make up the majority of new HIV/AIDS infections in the US, with Black men accounting for 39 percent of 2014 HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men, and Latinos accounting for 24 percent.

[Source: Funders for LGBTQ Issues]


Being an LGBTQ Person of Color

Funders for LGBTQ Issues: LGBTQ People of Color

LGBTQ People of Color: Double Discrimination

LGBTQ Spaces: Uncomfortable for Queer People of Color

Movement Advancement Project: LGBTQ People of Color


Notes on LGBTQ African Americans

LGBTQ Developmental Tasks for African-American Students

"Those who stand outside the circle of this society’s definition of acceptable women, those of us who are poor, who are lesbian, who are Black, who are older – know that survival is not an academic skill. It is learning how to stand alone, unpopular and sometimes reviled, and how to make common cause with those others to define and seek a world in which we can all flourish. It is learning how to take our differences and make them strengths."
-Audre Lorde, 1984, Sister Outsider


"I hate being invisible. Being both Black and gay, I haven’t developed the courage to fight on two battlefields. So I’ve chosen one by default; the obvious one, the easy one, the Black one… As a gay person, I’ve feared losing the love of family, and facing the wrath of community. I’ve searched through an obscure history. Allies are gay friends also trying to remain invisible and straight friends sworn to keep my secret… While I openly share the beauty of my Black experience, insight gained from being gay is shared only when it’s safe. Black publications proudly announce their arrival, while gay publications arrive hidden in plain manila envelopes…When I’m hurt as a Black person I have an instant support network. When I’m hurt as a gay person, I’m left to lick my wounds until I find a safe place… I fear taking on another label and providing people with yet another reason to view me as a target. It’s difficult enough educating people to see Black people as multi-dimensional and not flat stereotypes. Why take on the added burden? I suffer as a result of this decision… Just as Black people need distance from the distorted image reflected by Whites, so too do we as gays need an environment in which to affirm ourselves…When people think, “gay” they see, “White.” When they think “Black” they fail to see “gay” …Our success in being invisible robs us of knowing ourselves and each other. It further robs us of being known on our own terms...Yet, the risk of being visible is one that too few of us is willing to take. Someday I’ll marshal the strength to fight on two battlefields. Until then I’ll choose the obvious one, continue to be invisible and hate it."
-Chuck, Blackstripe

These two excepts highlight the challenges gay African Americans must face. They have the task of dealing with the intersection of multiple identities (intertwined states of “otherness”): Sexual orientation, race, and gender (women). This can be a stressful and lonely journey. The challenge is in learning how to negotiate and manage these simultaneous states of social realities.

[Source: Dr. Angela D. Coker, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Education]

HRC: Religion and Coming Out Issues for African Americans

Black Gay Christians Speak Out
Gay Pride: Are Black Gay Men Proud?

The Truth About Homophobia in the Black Community

Growing Up Black and Gay in the South

Beauty of Blackness

LGBTQ African American Stories

How Many African Americans are LGBTQ?

Essence: Liberated and Loved

LGBTQ People of Color



How Many African Americans are LGBTQ?


According to one report, there is a growing number of individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer in the black community.

The study indicates there are more than one million African-American LGBTQ adults in the US. Of those individuals, 84,000 are in same-sex households with about 34 percent of couples raising children. These numbers come about a year after a Gallup report that found African-Americans make up the largest share of the LGBTQ community.

The report highlights some key findings, including the fact that 58 percent of African-American LGBTQ couples are female, and the economic challenges many LGBTQ African-Americans face.

For example, the report finds overall higher unemployment rates and lower proportions with a college degree among LGBTQ African-Americans, when compared to their non-LGBTQ counterparts. However, these disadvantages are not present among African-Americans in same-sex couples, with 25 percent having completed a college degree, compared to 22 percent of African-Americans in heterosexual couples. In addition, 71 percent of African-Americans in same-sex couples are employed compared to 68 percent of their heterosexual counterparts.


[Source: Huffington Post, Black Voices, October 2013]


LGBTQ Black College Students

Student Profile

African-American students in general are developing ethnic and racial identity. LGBTQ African-American students have an understanding that gayness is not a White phenomenon.

African-American college students in general interact with the dominant culture. LGBTQ African-American college students are dealing with homophobia from general society.  What are the benefits or risks to “coming out?”.

African-American college students in general are developing cultural aesthetics and awareness. LGBTQ African-American college students are developing cultural aesthetics and awareness.


African-American college students in general are developing identity. LGBTQ African-American college students are asking themselves, "Who am I as a racialized homosexual being?" For men: trying to define Black manhood; For women: learning how to sort through issues of physical attractiveness. Must deal with racism, sexism, and homophobia. Have evolved outside of society’s definition of femininity

African-American college students in general are developing Interdependence. LGBTQ African-American college students ask themselves, "What will my family, friends, and community think? Will they disown me?" Social isolation and/or secrecy. Fear of being found out. Maintaining ties to family and community.

African-American college students in general are fulfilling affiliation needs. For LGBTQ African-American college students, much of one’s identity is constructed on the basis of community connection. Managing the coming out process and maintaining strong connection to group.

African-American college students in general are surviving intellectually. LGBTQ African-American college students are learning how to deal with stress of academia while trying to sort out one’s identity. What will my professor think? Will often travel to other cities for social outlets (this is time that could be used to study instead of spending several hours on the road to another city)


African-American college students in general are developing spiritually. LGBTQ African-American college students are maintaining connections with religious organizations. Fear of being ousted from their church. Wrestling with relationship with higher power.

African-American college students in general are developing social responsibility. LGBTQ African-American college students are dealing with the “coming out” process and recognizing the need to be role models for other African American LGBTQ persons, thereby reducing the invisibility.

Questions for Educators

In what ways can we make our classrooms/learning communities more inclusive and user-friendly for LGBTQ students? How often do we engage in self-reflection and an examination of our own values and biases with respect to race, gender, and homosexuality? How might our personal issues, comments, subtle message impede the educational process for students who are members of this group?

[Source: Angela D. Coker, PhD, LPC, NCC, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Education. McEwen, M.K., Roper, L.D., Bryant, D.R., & Langa, M.J. (1990). Incorporating the development of African-American students into psychosocial theories of student development. Journal of College Student Development]



Lena Waithe: Gay Black Girls Rock


Lena Waithe, who is a gay black woman, is an American actress, producer, and screenwriter. She is known for co-writing and acting in the Netflix series Master of None. Waithe made history at the 69th annual Primetime Emmy Awards when she won Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series for her work on Master of None, becoming the first black woman to do so. The "Thanksgiving" episode for which she won the Emmy was partially based on her personal experience coming out to her mother. She is also the creator of the Showtime series The Chi. Here are some of Lena's recent eloquent remarks:



“Let’s get free of the idea that we can’t go after our dreams because of how we look, where we come from, who we love or how old we are. We all have gifts and we can either lock into those gifts or act like we don’t exist. You can’t live your dream if you don’t go after it.”


“Many queer kids, they don’t feel love. They don’t feel seen and they don’t feel heard. I don’t just want these kids to live, but I want them to live their best lives because we as a society will benefit from all the many gifts they have to share. Our youth deserve to know that they weren’t born to be perfect. They were born to be whole.”


Lena Waithe: Gay Black Girls Rock

Lena Waithe: Queer Superhero

BET: Lena Waithe's Acceptance Speech

Critical Issues Facing LGBTQ African Americans


African Americans are, and have always been, a vibrant part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) and same gender-loving community. From trailblazing pioneers such as openly gay novelist James Baldwin and transgender rights activist Marsha P. Johnson, to modern-day heroes such as actress Laverne Cox and basketball star Jason Collins, LGBTQ African Americans have made enormous contributions to the ongoing fight for social, racial and economic justice.

According to the Williams Institute, there are more than 1 million LGBTQ African Americans currently living in the United States, with approximately 3.7 percent of all African American people identifying as LGBTQ. LGBTQ African Americans are disproportionately young and disproportionately female, and nearly one-third of all African American same-sex couples are raising children.


LGBTQ African Americans live in communities across the nation, but there are some areas of the country where the LGBTQ African American population is more heavily concentrated. Washington, DC comes in at number one due in part to the large number of African Americans who live in and around the nation's capital. Maryland, Georgia, New York and North Carolina also have large numbers of LGBTQ African American residents, as do several other states in the Deep South. Notably, many of these states lack statewide non-discrimination protections for LGBTQ people.

What are some important issues facing LGBTQ African Americans?  While the Civil Rights Movement resulted in monumental legal changes for a country just 100 years removed from slavery, African Americans continue to experience bias, discrimination and prejudice at all levels of society. The situation is even more severe for LGBTQ African Americans, who live at the intersection of racism, homophobia and transphobia and face a number of critical issues.



Economic Insecurity – Although economic conditions in the U.S. are improving, LGBTQ African Americans continue to be economically disadvantaged because of persistent discrimination, housing insecurity, a lack of quality, affordable healthcare and fewer educational opportunities. A 2012 report found that "32 percent of children being raised by Black same-sex couples live in poverty, compared to 13 percent of children being raised by heterosexual Black parents and just 7 percent being raised by married heterosexual white parents." Additionally, Black transgender people face severe rates of poverty, with 34 percent living in extreme poverty compared to just 9 percent of non-transgender Black people.

Violence & Harassment – According to a 2014 report on hate violence against LGBTQ and HIV-affected communities, Black survivors of hate violence were 1.3 times more likely to experience police violence than their non-Black counterparts. Black survivors were also twice as likely to experience any physical violence, twice as likely to experience discrimination and 1.4 times more likely to experience threats and intimidation during acts of hate violence. Additionally, Black transgender women face the highest levels of fatal violence within the LGBTQ community and are less likely to turn to police for help for fear of revictimization by law enforcement personnel. According to the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, 38 percent of Black transgender people who interacted with police reported harassment; 14 percent reported physical assault from police and 6 percent reported sexual assault. Such high rates of revictimization by police is a major barrier to dealing with anti-transgender violence.



HIV & Health Inequity – According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, young, Black gay and bisexual men are among the communities most heavily affected by HIV. In the city of Atlanta, for example, a young, Black gay man now has a 60 percent chance of becoming HIV-positive by the age of 30 even though Black gay and bisexual men are more likely to engage in safer sex practices than their white counterparts.


Religious Intolerance – While LGBTQ African Americans identify with various faith traditions, the Christian church remains a source of both hope and trepidation for many, but acceptance of LGBTQ people is increasing in communities of faith. For example, according to the Public Religion Research Institute, support for marriage equality increased from 23 percent to 38 percent among Black Protestants between 2013 and 2014.

Criminal Injustice – A number of recent, highly publicized cases of police brutality and misconduct have highlighted how broken our criminal justice system really is. Findings from a 2014 U.S. Department of Justice investigation revealed patterns of excessive force in the Albuquerque and Cleveland police departments. Findings of clear racial disparities and discriminatory intent were also revealed in a 2015 study of Ferguson, Missouri, which became a site of major protests following the police shooting of unarmed Black teenager Michael Brown in 2014. Additionally, data from the 2011 National Transgender Discrimination Survey found disproportionately high rates of arrest and incarceration among Black transgender people when compared to all other racial and ethnic groups.



Redefining What It Means to be a Gay Black Man

Coming Out as a Black Transgender Woman

Essence: Liberated and Loved

HRC: Being African American and LGBTQ

MAP: Talking About LGBTQ Equality With African Americans

Black Gay Christians Speak Out

Holler If You Hear Me: Black and Gay in the Church
Info: Black Gay Drag Slang

Advocate: Homophobia in the Black Community

Gay Pride: Are Black Gay Men Proud?


Keith Boykin


Keith Boykin is a New York Times best-selling author, assistant adjunct professor of political science at Columbia University, CNN political commentator, journalist, actor and public speaker.

Each of Keith’s four books has been nominated for a Lambda Literary Award, including his most recent book, For Colored Boys Who Have Considered Suicide When The Rainbow Is Still Not Enough, which won the American Library Association Stonewall Award for Nonfiction in 2013.

Educated at Dartmouth and Harvard, Keith attended law school with President Barack Obama and served in the White House as a special assistant to President Bill Clinton, where he was once the highest ranking openly gay person in the Clinton White House. He also helped organize and participated in the nation’s first ever meeting between a sitting president and leaders of the LGBTQ community.


Keith has been actively involved in progressive causes since he worked on his first congressional campaign while still a student in high school. He is a veteran of six political campaigns, including two presidential campaigns, and he was named one of the top instructors when he taught political science at American University in Washington.

He starred on the 2004 Showtime television series American Candidate, and then became a co-host of the BET J TV series My Two Cents, where he interviewed celebrities, politicians, and public figures. A former CNBC contributor, MSNBC commentator and BET columnist, Keith is also the former editor of the online news site, The Daily Voice. He has appeared on numerous national media programs, including Anderson Cooper 360, The O’Reilly Factor, The Tyra Banks Show and The Tom Joyner Morning Show.

A founder and first board president of the National Black Justice Coalition, Keith has spoken to audiences, large and small, all across the world. He delivered a landmark speech to 200,000 people at the Millennium March on Washington and he gave a stirring speech about the AIDS epidemic in front of 40,000 people in Chicago’s Soldier Field in July 2006.

Keith was an associate producer of the 2007 feature film Dirty Laundry and appeared in the 2014 BET drama series, Being Mary Jane.

His third book, Beyond the Down Low: Sex, Lies and Denial in Black America, spent four weeks on the New York Times bestseller list. Keith won the Lambda Literary Award for his second book, Respecting The Soul, and his first book, One More River to Cross, is taught in colleges and universities throughout the country.

Keith has lived in 12 cities, visited 48 of the 50 US states, and traveled across four continents. In 1997 President Clinton appointed him, along with Coretta Scott King and Rev. Jesse Jackson, to the US presidential trade delegation to Zimbabwe.

Born and raised in St. Louis, Missouri, Keith currently lives in New York.

Keith Boykin's Website

National Black Justice Coalition

Wikipedia: Keith Boykin

Keith Boykin on Facebook



Black LGBTQ Celebrities


Audre Lorde - Essayist, Poet

Bayard Rustin - Civil Rights Organizer, Worked with MLK

James Baldwin - Novelist, Playwright

Angela Davis - Activist, Scholar, Author

Sylvester - Disco Music Artist

Michael Sam - Football Player

Josephine Baker - Singer, Dancer, Actor

Don Lemon - Journalist

Alice Walker - Novelist, Poet

Billy Preston - R&B Musician

Leslie Herod - Politician

Janet Mock - Magazine Editor

Sheryl Swoopes - Basketball Player

Alvin Ailey - Dancer, Choreographer

Barbara Jordan - Politician

Janelle Monae - Singer, Actor

Langston Hughes - Poet, Novelist, Playwright

Raven Symone - TV Actor

Maya Hayes - Soccer Player

Lee Daniels - Movie Producer, Director, Writer

Wanda Sykes - Comedian, Actor

Ru Paul - Drag Queen, TV Personality

Frank Ocean - Rapper

Lena Waithe - Actor, Producer, Screenwriter

Robin Roberts - Newscaster

Bessie Smith - Blues Singer

Horace Griffin - Minister

Jason Collins - Basketball Player

Johnny Mathis - Pop Singer

Azealia Banks - Rapper

Paris Barclay - TV Producer, Director, Writer

Angel Haze - Rapper

Keith Boykin - Broadcaster, Commentator, Author

Nell Carter - Singer, Actor

Laverne Cox - Actor


GLAAD: Honoring Black LGBTQ Icons

Advocate: Black LGBTQ Pioneers

Huff Post: Prominent Black LGBTQ Icons

Pride: Inspiring Queer Black Heroes

List: LGBTQ African Americans

Ranker: LGBTQ Black Hollywood Celebrities


Actor and Rapper Janelle Monae


Janelle Monáe is further opening up about her sexuality.  Movie fans know her from her roles in the films Hidden Figures and Moonlight. And, while she is an accomplished movie actor, she first came to fame as an R&B singer and rapper.


The 32-year-old singer, who released her new album Dirty Computer in April 2018, spoke to CBS This Morning about how her late mentor Prince influenced how she wants to portray her sexuality in music and in the public eye.

“I think that it’s important for people to be proud of their identity. I am very proud to be a queer young black woman in America. I’m proud of who I am,” Monáe said.

In the latest issue of Rolling Stone, Monáe revealed what it’s like “being a black queer woman in America” and why she doesn’t identify as bisexual.  Monae has described herself as "someone who has been in relationships with both men and women" and has further identified as pansexual.

Janelle Monae: CBS Sunday Morning Interview

Dirty Computer by Janelle Monae

Make Me Feel by Janelle Monae

Rolling Stone: Janelle Monae Frees Herself

Django Jane by Janelle Monae

Billboard: Queerest Moments on Janelle Monae's New Album

I Like That by Janelle Monae

Pynk by Janelle Monae


Black, Gay and Successful in Hollywood

Paris KC Barclay is a gay black man working in Hollywood as a television director and producer. Born in 1956 in Chicago, Illinois, Barclay has directed over 100 episodes of television to date, for series including NYPD Blue, ER, The West Wing, CSI, Lost, The Shield, House MD, Law & Order, Monk, Numb3rs, City of Angels, Cold Case, and more recently The Mentalist, Weeds, Sons of Anarchy, NCIS: Los Angeles, The Good Wife, In Treatment, and Glee.


Paris has won two Emmy Awards as well as a Directors Guild of America award for directing episodes of NYPD Blue, and has garnered 10 DGA nominations. He is the first director in the history of the Guild to be nominated for a comedy series and drama series in the same year, two years in a row (2008, 2009). Barclay has also received an NAACP Image award for Best Drama Series as co-creator, writer, and director of the groundbreaking medical drama City of Angels, and another Image Award for directing Cold Case.

Currently, Barclay is executive producer and principal director of HBO's In Treatment, now in its third season. Openly gay since late in his college days, he was a regular contributor to The Advocate magazine for several years. Barclay is one of Hollywood's very few openly gay black decision-makers. He is used to hearing the same line, repeatedly, when other industry executives see scripts with queer black characters.

Gay Black Theologian

Horace L. Griffin is an African-American Theologian who is also gay.  He teaches pastoral theology and is Director of Field Education at the General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church. An ordained priest in the Episcopal Church, USA, Griffin also serves as an associate at All Saints' Episcopal Church in Glen Rock, NJ.


In 1990, Griffin began his professional career as a college professor at the historical black Fisk University while completing his Ph.D. at Vanderbilt. At Fisk, he chaired the Department of Religious and Philosophical Studies from 1993-1996, becoming the first openly gay Department chair in the University's 127 year history. In 1992, he received the "Professor of the Year Award" for the Division of Humanities and Fine Arts.



During this period, he also co-chaired the Lesbian and Gay Coalition for Justice, a civil rights organization for gay citizens in Nashville and Middle Tennessee. Griffin has a Bachelor of Arts in Religion degree from Morehouse College in Atlanta, a Master of Divinity from Boston University School of Theology in Boston, and a PhD in Philosophy from Vanderbilt University Graduate Department of Religion in Nashville.

As a graduate student concentrating in gender and sexuality issues, he developed a slide presentation addressing black pastoral issues and the AIDS epidemic. Called "Couldn't Hear Nobody Pray," the presentation became a teaching tool for black pastors at conferences and in black faith communities. As a result of his AIDS work, Griffin was invited to serve as a board member (1994-1996) of Nashville Cares, an AIDS agency for the Greater Nashville community.

In 1996, Griffin joined the religious studies faculty at the University of Missouri-Columbia as Assistant Professor of African-American Religions. He taught courses on African-American religions, religion and human sexuality and religion and homosexuality. In 1999, Griffin resigned, in part, because the university president and administrators refused to include sexual orientation in the university's non-discrimination policy. Later that year, he accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Pastoral Theology at Seabury-Western Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois, where he taught courses such as Pastoral Care and Congregations, Sexuality and Pastoral Care, and Cross Cultural Pastoral Care. He also directed the Chicago Collegiate Seminarians Program, a Lilly funded grant for college students considering ordained ministry.

Griffin has published numerous articles and essays in peer journals and anthologies, including "Revisioning Christian Ethical Discourse on Homosexuality: A Challenge for the 21st Century" in the Journal of Pastoral Care, and "Toward a True Black Liberation Theology: Affirming Homoeroticism, Black Lesbian and Gay Christians and their Relationships" in Loving the Body: Black Religious Studies and the Erotic. His most recent work, "Black Machoism and Its Discontents" will be published in 2008 in Face to Face: A Discussion of Critical Issues in Pastoral Theology. His first book, Their Own Receive Them Not: African American Lesbians and Gays in Black Churches (Pilgrim Press 2006) was awarded the 2006 Lambda Literary Award in LGBTQ studies in the spring of 2007. This groundbreaking work also received a Stonewall Award nomination. The LGBTQ African American Roundtable convened a panel of scholars and clergy offering a critical examination of the book at its 2007 annual meeting. In its second printing, Their Own Receive Them Not is a useful text currently being studied and discussed in college and seminary classrooms and black faith communities.




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